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Christmas And New Year

Back to Christmas And New Year
  Writer Name : Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Othaimeen - Sheikh-ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah
Language English
Translation By
Article Source Islam House
Addition Date 10/06/2013
The Ruling on Christmas And New Year

حكم الاحتفال بعيد ميلاد عيسى عليه السلام والعام الجديد: تحتوي هذه المقالة على مقالتين
الأولى: مقالة مقتبسة ومترجمة من كتاب: «اقتضاء الصراط المستقيم لمخالفة أصحاب الجحيم» لشيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية - رحمه الله - يذكر فيها الأدلة من الكتاب والسنة على حرمة مشابهة أهل الكتاب وغيرهم في الاحتفال بأعيادهم.
والثانية: مقالةٌ مقتبسة ومترجمة من «مجموع فتاوى ورسائل الشيخ ابن عثيمين - رحمه الله -» عن تحريم الاحتفال بهذا العيد، ووجوب المخالفة لهم.
The Ruling on Christmas & New Year by Sheikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah.

Praise be to Allah.
Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said  the following in his commentary on the aayah (interpretation of the meaning),

“And those who do not witness falsehood [al-zoor]…” [al-Furqan 25:72]

As regards the festivals of the mushrikeen: they combine confusion, physical desires and falsehood, there is nothing in them that is of any religious benefit, and the instant gratification involved in them only ends up in pain. Thus they are falsehood, and witnessing them means attending them.

This aayah itself praises and commends (those who do not witness falsehood), which has the meaning of urging people to avoid taking part in their festivals and other kinds of falsehood. We understand that it is bad to attend their festivals because they are called az-zoor (falsehood).

It indicates that it is haram to do this for many reasons, because Allah has called it al-zoor. Allah condemns the one who speaks falsehood [az-zoor] even if no-one else is harmed by it, as in the aayah forbidding dhihar [a form of divorce in which the man says to his wife “You are to me like the back of my mother”], where He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… And verily, they utter an ill word and a lie [zooran]…” [al-Mujadilah 58:2].

And Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… So shun the abomination of idols, and shun lying speech (false statements) [az-zoor].” [al-Hajj 22:30].

So the one who does al-zoor is condemned in this fashion.
In the Sunnah: Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came [to Madinah] and they had two days in which they would (relax and) play. He said, What are these two days? They said, We used to play (on these two days) during the Jahiliyyah. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Allah has given you something better instead of them: Yawm al-Duhaa [Eid al-Adha] and Yawm al-Fitr [Eid al-Fitr]. (Reported by Abu Dawood)

This indicates clearly that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) definitely forbade his ummah to celebrate the festivals of the kuffar, and he strove to wipe them out by all possible means. The fact that the religion of the People of the Book is tolerated does not mean that their festivals are approved of or should be preserved by the ummah, just as the rest of their kufr and sins are not approved of. Indeed, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went to great lengths to command his ummah to be different from them in many issues that are mubah (permitted) and in many ways of worship, lest that lead them to be like them in other matters too. This being different was to be a barrier in all aspects, because the more different you are from the people of Hell, the less likely you are to do the acts of the people of Hell.

The first of them is: The hadith “Every people has its festival, and this is our festival” implies exclusivity, that every people has its own festival, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“For every [nation] there is a direction to which they face (in their prayers)…” [al-Baqarah 2:148]
“…To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way…” [al-Ma’idah 5:48].

This implies that each nation has its own ways. The laam in li-kulli [“for every”, “to each”] implies exclusivity. So if the Jews have a festival and the Christians have a festival, it is just for them, and we should not have any part in it, just as we do not share their qiblah (direction of prayer) or their laws.

The second of them is: one of the conditions set out by ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) and agreed upon by the Sahabah and by all the Fuqaha’ after them is: that those of the People of the Book who have agreed to live under Islamic rule (ahl al-dhimmah) should not celebrate their festivals openly in Darul-Islam (lands under Islamic rule). If the Muslims have agreed to prevent them from celebrating openly, how could it be right for the Muslims to celebrate them? If a Muslim celebrates them, is that not worse than if a kafir does so openly?

The only reason that we forbade them to celebrate their festivals openly is because of the corruption involved in them, because of the sin or symbols of sin. In either case, the Muslim is forbidden from sin or the symbols of sin. Even if there was no evil involved apart from the kafir feeling encouraged to celebrate openly because of the Muslim’s actions, how can a Muslim do that? The evil involved (in their festivals) will be explained below, in shaa Allah.

Al-Bayhaqi reported with a sahih isnad in Bab Karahiyat al-Dukhool ‘ala Ahl al-Dhimmah fi Kanaa’isihim wat-Tashabbuh Bihim Yawmi Nawroozihim wa Maharjanihim (Chapter on the Abhorrence of Entering the Churches of Ahl al-Dhimmah on the Occasion of their New Year and Other Celebrations): From Sufyaan al-Thawri from Thawr ibn Yazeed from ‘Ata’ ibn Deenaar who said: ‘Umar said: “Do not learn the language of the non-Arabs, do not enter upon the mushrikeen in their churches on their feast-days, for the wrath (of Allah) is descending upon them.”

‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said: “Avoid the enemies of Allah on their festivals.”

It was reported with a sahih isnad from Abu Usamah: ‘Awn told us from Abu’l-Mughirah from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr:
“Whoever lives in the land of the non-Arabs and celebrates their New Year and their festivals, and imitates them until he dies in that state, will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection.”

‘Umar forbade learning their languages, and even entering their churches on the day of their festival, so how about doing some of the things they do on those days, or doing things that are a part of their religion? Is not going along with their actions worse than learning their language? Is not doing some of the things they do on their festival worse than just entering upon them? If divine wrath is descending upon them on the day of their festival because of what they do, then is not the one who does what they do, or a part of it, also exposed to the same punishment? Do not the words “Avoid the enemies of Allah on their festivals” mean that we should not meet them or join them on those days? So how about the one who actually celebrates their festivals?

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr clearly stated: “Whoever lives in the land of the non-Arabs and celebrates their New Year and their festivals, and imitates them until he dies in that state, will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection.”

This implies that the one who joins in with them in all of these matters is a kafir, or that doing this is one of the major sins (kaba’ir) that will doom one to Hell; the former meaning is what is apparent from the wording.
He mentioned – and Allah knows best – the one who lives in their land, because at the time of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr and the other Sahabah, they used to forbid open celebration of kafir festivals in the Muslim lands, and none of the Muslims imitated them in their festivals; that was possible only when living in the lands of the kafirs.
‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) refused to even acknowledge the name of their festivals which were exclusively theirs, so how about actually celebrating them?
Ahmad mentioned the meaning of the reports narrated from ‘Umar and ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) on this topic, and his companions discussed the matter of festivals.

Imam Abu’l-Hasan al-Aamidi said: the one who is known as Ibnul-Baghdadi said in his book ‘Umdat al-Hadir wa Kifayat al-Musafir: “It is not permitted to attend the festivals of the Christians and Jews. Ahmad stated this in the report of Muhanna, and his evidence for that is the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

‘And those who do not witness falsehood [al-zoor]…’ [al-Furqan 25:72].
He said: (This is) al-Sha’aneen and their festivals. He said: The Muslims are to be prevented from entering upon them in their synagogues and churches.”

Ibn Uthaymeen said the following  about this issue:

Greeting the kuffar on Christmas and other religious holidays of theirs is haram, by consensus, as Ibnul-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on him, said in Ahkam Ahl al-Dhimmah: “Congratulating the kuffar on the rituals that belong only to them is haram by consensus, as is congratulating them on their festivals and fasts by saying ‘A happy festival to you’ or ‘May you enjoy your festival,’ and so on. Even if the one who says this has been saved from kufr, it is still forbidden. It is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross, or even worse than that. It is as great a sin as congratulating someone for drinking wine, or murdering someone, or having illicit sexual relations, and so on. Many of those who have no respect for their religion fall into this error; they do not realize the offensiveness of their actions. Whoever congratulates a person for his disobedience or bidah or kufr exposes himself to the wrath and anger of Allah.”
Congratulating the kuffar on their religious festivals is haram to the extent described by Ibnul-Qayyim because it implies that one accepts or approves of their rituals of kufr, even if one would not accept those things for oneself. But the Muslim should not accept the rituals of kufr or congratulate anyone else for them, because Allah does not accept any of that at all, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“If you disbelieve, then verily, Allah is not in need of you, He likes not disbelief for His slaves. And if you are grateful (by being believers), He is pleased therewith for you. . .” [az-Zumar 39:7]
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [al-Ma’idah 5:3]

So congratulating them is forbidden, whether they are one’s colleagues at work or otherwise.
If they greet us on the occasion of their festivals, we should not respond, because these are not our festivals, and because they are not festivals which are acceptable to Allah. These festivals are innovations in their religions, and even those which may have been prescribed formerly have been abrogated by the religion of Islam, with which Allah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to the whole of mankind. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning”:

“Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.” [Aali ‘Imran 3:85]

It is haram for a Muslim to accept invitations on such occasions, because this is worse than congratulating them as it implies taking part in their celebrations.
Similarly, Muslims are forbidden to imitate the kuffar by having parties on such occasions, or exchanging gifts, or giving out sweets or food, or taking time off work, etc., because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said in his book Iqtida’ as-sirat al-mustaqeem mukhalifat ashab al-jaheem:

“Imitating them in some of their festivals implies that one is pleased with their false beliefs and practices, and gives them the hope that they may have the opportunity to humiliate and mislead the weak.”

Whoever does anything of this sort is a sinner, whether he does it out of politeness or to be friendly, or because he is too shy to refuse, or for whatever other reason, because this is hypocrisy in Islam, and because it makes the kuffar feel proud of their religion
Allah is the One Whom we ask to make the Muslims feel proud of their religion, to help them adhere steadfastly to it, and to make them victorious over their enemies, for He is the Strong and Omnipotent.

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Adapted from and article at This book is not copyrighted. Any or all parts of this book may be used for educational purposes as long as the information used is not in any way quoted out of context or used for profit.
This material has been reviewed and forwarded for publishing and distribution by the English language section of the Department of Islamic Resources.
Date: 8/11/1425