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Aqidah: Belief

Back to Aqidah: Belief
Fatwa By : Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid
Language English
Reference By Islam Q&A 11535
Addition Date 04/10/2014
Misinterpretation of the word of Tawhid, and a false claim that it renders a person free from any need for food
laa ilaaha sheikh once said that the meaning of the kalima is, laa meaning, (non is capable of) ilaaha meaning, (fulfilling the needs) illalaah meaning,(except allah) but many others say that non worthy of worship except allah is the actual meaning. i've got great belief in the teaching of my sheikh.he explains,firstly we have the need to alive. if it's not for allah,whoelse could fulfill that need.he also said if a person could live in laailaahailallaah that person is a many people are against sufism.what is your opinion?

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

O mankind! it is you who stand in need of Allah. But Allah is Rich (Free of all needs), Worthy of all praise [Fatir 35:15]

 This aayah indicates that people are in need of their Lord in all their affairs, and for their very existence and survival, to benefit them and keep them safe from all evils. Allah is the One Who bestows all that. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning),

“Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection)” [Ar-Room 30:40]

“And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allah” [An-Nahl 16:53]  

Allah is free from any need of His slaves and to Him belongs all dominion and praise. His slave cannot benefit Him or harm Him. If all of them were to believe, that would not increase His dominion at all, and if they were all to disbelieve, that would not reduce His dominion at all. He is the Lord of the Worlds, the Lord of the first and the last. He is the True God, besides Whom no other is deserving of worship. Everything else that is worshipped apart from Him is false. The meaning of La ilaha ill-Allah is, there is none who is rightfully worshipped apart from Allah. This is the correct meaning. It does not mean that there is no creator apart from Allah, or there is none who is able to meet all needs apart from Allah. These are also implied in its meaning, for the True God is the Creator of all things, the One Who is Able to do all things. What this shaykh said, that the meaning of La ilaha ill-Allah is “none is capable of fulfilling needs except Allah” – if he meant that this is part of the meaning, then this is correct; but if he said that this is what is meant by it, then this is false. If what is meant by this phrase is what the shaykh said, then why did the early mushrikeen refuse to say it when the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to them, “Say La ilaha ill-Allah and you will prosper”? Because they affirmed that there was no creator besides Allah, and they understood what was meant by this phrase, which is that there is none who is rightfully worshipped except Allah. Allah is the One Who is rightfully worshipped, and anything else that is worshipped apart from Him is false. This implies that the gods of the mushrikeen which they worship are false. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“That is because Allah, He is the Truth, and that which they invoke besides Him is Al Batil (falsehood, Satan and all other false deities); and that Allah, He is the Most High, the Most Great” [Luqmaan 31:30]

 Because the mushrikeen knew what it meant, and that it implied that their gods were false, they refused to say it, and they recommended one another to remain constant to their gods as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning)

“And the disbelievers say: ‘This (Prophet Muhammad) is a sorcerer, a liar.

Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God — Allah). Verily, this is a curious thing!’

And the leaders among them went about (saying): ‘Go on, and remain constant to your aalihah (gods)! Verily, this is a thing designed (against you)!’” [Saad 38:4]

 Hence you may know that what many say, which goes against what your shaykh said concerning the meaning of La ilaha ill-Allah, is what is correct.  

What your shaykh said, ‘That we are in need of Allah… ’ means that Allah Alone is the One Who gives us life, and that is correct. But that is not the meaning of La ilaha ill-Allah. Rather what it means is that there is none who is rightfully worshipped except Allah, as stated above. The True God is the One who deserves to be worshipped, and He is the One Who gives life and gives death, and He is Allah, may He be exalted.

What your shaykh said, that ‘if a person could live … many people are against sufism’, if he meant that a person could do without food and drink constantly, this is a false notion, because there is no person who can do without food and drink constantly, not even the Prophets, let alone anyone else. His claim that a Sufi can live without food and drink, and that making dhikr enables him to do without that constantly, is false. If anyone among them makes such a claim, he is a liar. So do not be deceived by this shaykh, for he is either ignorant and misguided, or he is a liar and an imposter. Beware of him and his ilk. We ask Allah to guide you and help you.

Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Barrak