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Aqidah: Belief

Back to Aqidah: Belief
Fatwa By : Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid
Language English
Reference By Islam Q&A 82857
Addition Date 03/10/2014
Is uttering the Shahadatayn sufficient to enter Paradise?
Is it true that if a person firmly believes that "there is no God but ALLAH, and Muhammad(peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) is his Messenger that this will be enough to admit that person to Paradise?.

Praise be to Allah.

Islam is not just uttering the Shahadatayn only, rather it is essential to fulfill the conditions of this twin declaration of faith so that the one who utters them will truly be a Muslim.The pillars of Islam are believing, uttering and acting

It was narrated that Ubadah ibn al-Samit said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever says ‘I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone [with no partner or associate] and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, and that ‘Eesa is the slave of Allah, the son of His maidservant, a Word which He bestowed upon Maryam and a Spirit created by Him, and that Paradise is true and that Hell is true, Allah will admit him through whichever of the eight gates of Paradise he wants.”

Narrated by Al-Bukhari (3252) and Muslim (28).   

Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhab (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The words “Whoever says ‘I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone” mean, the one who speaks these words, knowing what they mean and acting upon them inwardly and outwardly, because with regard to the Shahadatayn it is essential that one know and be certain and act upon them as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) So know (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) that Laa ilaha illAllah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)” [Muhammad 47:19].

And Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):  “except for those who bear witness to the truth knowingly (i.e. believed in the Oneness of Allah, and obeyed His Orders), and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allah) [Az-Zukhruf 43:86]. As for uttering the words without knowing the meaning or believing with certainty or acting upon them by disavowing shirk and being sincere in word and deed, and saying in one's heart and on one's lips and acting in one’s heart and with one's outward faculties, that is of no benefit, according to scholarly consensus.  

Al-Qurtubi said in al-Mufhim ‘ala Sahih Muslim: Chapter: it is not sufficient merely to speak the Shahadatayn, rather it is essential to believe it with certainty in one’s heart. This draws attention to the flawed argument of the extreme Murjiah who say that merely uttering the Shahadatayn is sufficient to make one a believer.The ahadith on this subject indicate that this is wrong; rather it is a view that is well known to be wrong according to shariah, because it implies a justification of hypocrisy, and judging hypocrites as true believers, which is completely false. End quote.

This hadith also indicates this, in the words “whoever bears witness” because bearing witness can only be valid if it is based on knowledge, certainty, sincerity and honesty.  Fathul-Bari (p. 36).

There are seven conditions of bearing witness that there is no god but Allah, and it does not benefit the one who says it unless he fulfills all of them. They are, in brief:

1. Knowledge as opposed to ignorance

2. Certainty as opposed to doubt

3. Acceptance as opposed to rejection

4. Obedience as opposed to disobedience

5. Sincerity as opposed to shirk

6. Honesty as opposed to lying

7. Love as opposed to its opposite, which is hate.

The conditions of bearing witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah are the same as the conditions of bearing witness that there is no god but Allah, which have been mentioned with evidence in the answers to questions no. 9104 and 12295.

And Allah knows best.
Islam Q&A 82857